You must know your skin type if you want to buy a cosmetic product that will make you look good without negatively impacting your skin.
Here’s how you do that:
Understanding Your Skin
Human skin has three principal characteristics:
- Water, which influences the skin’s elasticity. Elasticity is the ability of skin to stretch and return to its normal state. As we age, our skin loses elasticity.
- Oil, which is produced by the body and let out from the skin pores. Oil influences softness of the skin.
- Sensitivity, or how your skin reacts to elements such as the sun, chemicals, cosmetics, workplace environment, etc.
Testing For Your Skin Type
You just need a tissue or blotting paper.
Follow these steps:
- Wash your face using a gentle cleanser. Remove all traces of makeup.
- Pat-dry your face
- Wait for an hour to make your skin return back to its normal state.
- Do not touch your face during this resting period.
- Dab the tissue or blotting paper on the following areas of your face: T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin), cheeks, jaw area, area near your sideburns.
Now Determine Your Skin Type
Your skin is oily if the tissue looks greasy for all areas tested. People with oily skin have large skin pores and their skin appears shiny throughout the day. Such folks are prone to acne breakouts. They must use gel or liquid-based cosmetics and avoid products containing heavy emollients (moisturizers).
Normal skin contains a nicely balanced mix of oils and water and is not sensitive. If the tissue does not show any oil or skin flakes at any tested spot, it implies your skin is normal. People with this skin should choose light cosmetics and avoid the heavy or thick ones.
If the skin feels tight or you can see skin flakes deposited on the tissue, it implies you have dry skin. People with such skin are characterized by a dull complexion (especially on the cheeks and around the eyes) , red patches, peeling, cracking, or itchiness. They must use cosmetic products that are rich in moisturizers and must stay away from cosmetics that are loaded with chemicals or irritants like alcohol or sulfates.
If your skin is sensitive, it will itch, burn on contact with the environment/ pollutants or with chemicals and feel dry. Some cosmetics can even cause discomfort or allergies. You need to figure out the causes of sensitive skin and therefore, should consult a dermatologist. Recommended: natural and gentle cosmetic products.
A combination skin implies you have a different type of skin on different areas of your face. For example, the T-zone may be oily while the cheeks can be normal, and so on. In most cases, the T-zone is oily and other areas are between normal and dry. If this is so, you need a variety of makeup products — apply gels or liquids on oily areas and light formula products or serums on dry areas.
This is how you should determine your skin type.
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